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International Relations, PUBLICATIONS

The reintegration of returning migrants [Policy Podcast]

Written by Marta Latek,

Atelier de formation de couture.

© lemélangedesgenres / Fotolia

Returning more and more migrants with irregular status to their countries of origin has become a key European Union aim in efforts to reduce chaotic and dangerous migration flows. Despite its high political priority, reiterated in European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s 2017 State of the Union address, the effective implementation of this objective is problematic, mainly due to resistance at the individual level, but also from the countries of origin. The 2016 partnership framework with third countries attempts to enhance cooperation with partner countries on readmission, using a wide range of positive and negative policy incentives. To make the return option more attractive for migrants with irregular status, the EU’s return policy promotes voluntary returns through reintegration assistance packages. No less than 90 specific assisted voluntary return and reintegration programmes (AVRR) have been established by EU Member States, co-financed by the European Union, and implemented mainly by the International Organization on Migration (IOM).

Maximising sustainable returns, understood not only as absence of re‑emigration, but also as a returnee’s positive impact on the development of their communities of origin, is a key challenge. The nature of return chosen, and the success of economic and social integration of migrants in host countries, are the main factors of successful reintegration at the pre-departure stage, together with social and psychological counselling in preparing the reintegration project. Following arrival, training and in-kind assistance to start up a business, accompanied by measures to re-establish social networks, are what works best. Close cooperation with local partners is necessary to include reintegration assistance within existing development initiatives, to avoid duplication, resentment against returnees, and to respond to local needs.


Read the complete briefing on ‘The reintegration of returning migrants‘ on the Think Tank pages of the European Parliament.


Listen to podcast ‘The reintegration of returning migrants


Top 20 states of non-EU citizens returned to their country of origin, 2015-2016

Top 20 states of non-EU citizens returned to their country of origin, 2015-2016

Discussion

3 thoughts on “The reintegration of returning migrants [Policy Podcast]

  1. It is not the migrant who is illegal, rather the residence status is. Other documents produced by the EPRS speak more correctly of irregular migrants. It is sad how controversial vocabulary is used in a very well designed Briefing.

    Like

    Posted by Laura Bartolini | October 20, 2017, 09:16

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved

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