Written by Beatrix Immenkamp (5th edition, updated on 25/03/2021),

stretched rescue jump sheet world with flag of Europe design 3d-illustration. elements of this image furnished by NASA
© wetzkaz / Fotolia

In the context of the Commission’s proposal for a multiannual financial framework (MFF) for the 2021-2027 period, on 14 June 2018 the Commission published a proposal for a regulation establishing the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument. Council and Parliament agreed in trilogue negotiations, which ended in March 2021, that Parliament would have an enhanced role in defining the main strategic choices of the instrument, through a delegated act and twice-yearly geopolitical dialogue. The Commission also committed to inform Parliament prior to any use of the ’emerging challenges and priorities cushion’, and take its remarks into consideration. Parliament insisted that any activities related to migration had to be in line with the objectives of the instrument, and also secured safeguards on the amounts for capacity-building, election observation missions, local authorities, Erasmus, the Pacific and the Caribbean. Negotiators also agreed to include a reference, in a recital, to existing EU financial rules that allow for the suspension of assistance if a country fails to observe the principles of democracy, human rights and the rule of law. As a final step, negotiators agreed to change the name of the instrument to the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument – Global Europe. Parliament is expected to vote in plenary on the instrument at second reading by summer 2021.


Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument
Committees responsible: Foreign Affairs (AFET)
Development (DEVE)
(joint committee procedure, Rule 55)
COM(2018) 460
Rapporteurs: Michael Gahler (EPP, Germany)
Rasa Juknevičienė (EPP, Lithuania)
Maria Arena (S&D, Belgium)
Charles Goerens (ALDE, Luxembourg)
Next steps expected

Second-reading vote in plenary

Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)

Second reading