Members' Research Service By / October 30, 2020

Reforming asylum and migration management [EU Legislation in Progress]

Since 2015, Europe has had to respond to the most severe migratory challenge since the end of the Second World War.

© Ajdin Kamber / Adobe Stock

Written by Anja Radjenovic (2nd edition, updated on 08.11.2023).

In September 2020, the European Commission submitted a proposal on asylum and migration management, to replace the 2013 Dublin Regulation that determines the EU Member State responsible for examining asylum applications. While the proposal ‘essentially preserves’ the current criteria for determining this responsibility, it would also make changes and additions to the regulation, especially on solidarity and responsibility-sharing for asylum-seekers among Member States.

Visit the European Parliament homepage on Migration

The proposal comes after a failed attempt to reform EU asylum policy following the 2015 migration crisis. While the migratory context has changed since, both in terms of arrivals and the composition of flows, the migration situation remains fragile, as evidenced by pressures on national asylum systems and continual disembarkations after search and rescue operations. According to the Commission, addressing this situation requires a relaunch of the reform of the common European asylum system to achieve a more efficient, fair and harmonised framework that is more resistant to future migratory pressures. The new system would ensure international protection to those who need it and be effective and humane towards those who have to be returned.

Interinstitutional negotiations on the proposal began in June and are ongoing.


Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on asylum and migration management and amending Council Directive (EC) 2003/109 and the proposed Regulation (EU) XXX/XXX [Asylum and Migration Fund]
Committee responsible:Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE)COM(2020) 610
Rapporteur:Tomas Tobé (EPP, Sweden)2020/0279 (COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Pietro Bartolo (S&D, Italy)
Fabienne Keller (Renew, France)
Damien Carême (Greens/EFA, France)
Vincenzo Sofo (ECR, Italy)
Annalisa Tardino (ID, Italy)
Cornelia Ernst (The Left, Germany)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Continuing trilogue negotiations
Stage: Trilogue

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