Members' Research Service By / October 28, 2021

Domestic use of EU Digital Covid Certificates

The temporal validity of EU Digital Covid Certificates when entering the country varies across the EU. The regulation on the EU Digital Covid Certificate sets certain framework conditions.

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Written by Eulalia Claros and Maria Niestadt.

Just before summer 2021, the EU adopted in record time (see timeline below) two regulations on the EU Digital Covid Certificate. The certificate with a QR code shows if a person has been vaccinated, tested negative or recovered from Covid-19. It is free of charge, available on paper or on a smartphone, and valid in all EU Member States. In total, 43 countries in the world are connected to the EU Digital Covid Certificate system. Its aim is to facilitate safe cross-border movement during the Covid-19 pandemic, but Member States are also free to use it for other purposes. This overview shows which Member States are using Covid-19 certificates for other purposes than cross-border travel (data as of 25 October 2021). It indicates where and from whom it is required, as well as which proofs are accepted. Some countries use a different name for the certificate: e.g. CovidCheck, SafePass, Corona/health pass(port). In all Member States, the EU Digital Covid Certificate is accepted as proof of vaccination, test or recovery. Some (like Austria) also accept other proofs, such as proof of neutralising antibodies.

Covid-19 certificates: Required to enter places and events

In many Member States, the Covid-19 certificate is now required from almost everyone to go to public events or to places such as bars, restaurants, gyms or hotels; sometimes even to enter shopping centres or to take public transport. As seen from the map, children are exempted in all countries but up to different ages. Some countries (such as Estonia) also exempt certain other people, like those, who, for health reasons (on a doctor’s decision), can neither be tested for Covid-19 nor vaccinated against the disease (very limited group). Only a few Member States have not established such a system at national level (shown in dark red on the map). Although it was the first EU country to implement a Corona passport system six months ago, Denmark has now abolished the vaccination, test or recovery requirement in its national law.

Read the complete infographic on ‘Domestic use of EU Digital Covid Certificates‘ in the Think Tank pages of the European Parliament.

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