Written by Dessislava Yougova (3rd edition, updated on 12.07.2022).
The EU’s effort-sharing legislation covers greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in sectors not included in the EU emissions trading system. A wide range of sources account for these emissions, such as petrol and diesel used for road transport, energy used for heating and cooling in buildings, animal digestion and fertilisers used in agriculture, waste treatment, and small industries. To cut the emissions in these sectors, the EU effort-sharing legislation establishes binding targets and sets up annual emissions allocations for each Member State for the 2013-2020 and 2021-2030 periods. On 14 July 2021, the European Commission submitted a proposal on a regulation amending the binding annual emissions reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030. It reviews the collective and national targets set up in the Effort-sharing Regulation (ESR). The proposal is part of the ‘fit for 55’ package, which aims to adapt EU climate and energy legislation to the new EU objective of an at least 55 % reduction in net GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990, in accordance with the recent European Climate Law. In order to contribute to the new climate ambition, sectors covered by the ESR should achieve a collective reduction of 40 % in their emissions by 2030 compared to 2005.
The European Parliament adopted its position on 8 June 2022, while the Council agreed its general approach on 29 June 2022, enabling the launch of interinstitutional negotiations (trilogues).
- July 2022: Revising the Effort-Sharing Regulation for 2021-2030: ‘Fit for 55’ package (3rd edition)
|Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2018/842 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement|
|Committee responsible:||Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI)||COM(2021)555|
|Rapporteur:||Jessica Polfjärd (EPP, Sweden)||2021/0200(COD)|
|Shadow rapporteurs:||Javi López (S&D, Spain)|
Linea Søgaard-Lidell (Renew, Denmark) Margrete Auken (Greens/EFA, Denmark) Silvia Sardone (ID, Italy)
Anna Zalewska (ECR, Poland)
Silvia Modig (The Left, Finland)
|Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) |
(Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
|Next steps expected: Trilogue negotiations|