Members' Research Service By / July 6, 2022

Reporting on SDG implementation: UN mechanisms and the EU approach

The UN General Assembly resolution of 25 September 2015 (‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’) emphasises the interlinkages among previous international commitments and highlights that sustainable development can only be achieved through a universal and comprehensive effort.

© United Nations and European Union/Eurostat

Written by Eric Pichon.

Adopted in 2015 by the United Nations (UN), the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – ‘the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all’ – clearly links the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) that it introduced to a series of targets to be reached by 2030. The 2030 Agenda includes a detailed mechanism to monitor progress with regard to these targets. At the core of this mechanism are a number of quantified indicators for each target that are regularly revised by the UN and other international agencies. These agencies and the EU provide support to national statistical services across the world in collecting data for the SDG indicators in order to gather reliable and comparable datasets. These data feed the voluntary national reports that countries prepare to exchange good practices and advice on tackling the challenges they encounter in implementing their SDG strategies. High-level forums take stock of both progress and weaknesses in implementation, so as to ensure that everybody is on track in pursuing the SDGs.

The EU has long experience in collecting consistent data from its Member States. The European Union Statistical Office (Eurostat) has created a set of sustainable development indicators that provide a good overview of progress within the EU. EU development cooperation services have devised a framework of indicators to assess how EU support contributes to other countries’ implementation of the SDGs. However, the European Parliament and other stakeholders regret that the spill-over effect of EU policies on third countries remains a blind spot in the evaluation of the EU’s contribution to the SDGs.

Although technical in nature, SDG indicators and data also have a political dimension, as they clearly measure countries’ and other stakeholders’ achievements against their own commitments.

This is an update of a Briefing published in December 2019.

Read the complete briefing on ‘Reporting on SDG implementation: UN mechanisms and the EU approach‘ in the Think Tank pages of the European Parliament.

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