Members' Research Service By / October 5, 2022

Updating the European digital identity framework [EU Legislation in Progress]

Since the pandemic began, the provision of public and private services has been becoming increasingly digital.

© ipopba / Adobe Stock

Written by Negreiro and Maria Niestadt (2nd edition).

The 2014 Regulation on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market (eIDAS Regulation or eIDAS) was the first digital identity legislation to provide the basis for cross-border electronic identification, authentication and website certification throughout the EU. Application of eIDAS has been mixed. However, the pandemic increased the need for such solutions to be put in place to access public and private services.

On 3 June 2021, the Commission put forward a proposal building on the eIDAS framework, with the aim of giving at least 80 % of citizens the possibility to use a digital identity to access key public services by 2030 and to do so across EU borders. The updated European digital identity framework would also allow citizens to identify and authenticate themselves online (via their European digital identity wallet) without having to resort to commercial providers, a practice that raises trust, security and privacy concerns. In parallel, the Commission adopted a recommendation to design a toolbox supporting the framework so as to avoid fragmentation and barriers due to diverging standards.

Within the European Parliament, the file has been assigned to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). In the draft report, published on 31 May 2022, the rapporteur Romana Jerković (S&D, Croatia) proposed significant changes to the regulation, particularly regarding the European digital identity wallet. The Council has not yet reached a general approach on the file.

Versions

Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 as regards establishing a framework for a European Digital Identity
Committee responsible:Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE)COM(2021)0281
3.6.2021
Rapporteur:Romana Jerković (S&D, Croatia)2021/0136(COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Riho Terras (EPP, Estonia)
Alin Mituța (Renew, Romania)
Mikuláš Peksa (Greens/EFA, Czechia)
Paolo Borchia (ID, Italy)
Dace Melbārde (NA, Latvia)
Elena Kountoura (The Left, Greece)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Vote in committee on draft report
EU Legislation in progress timeline

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