EPRS Strategy By / December 21, 2022

2022: The year that shook the world [What Think Tanks are thinking]

This note gathers links to selected recent publications and commentaries from many international think tanks on the key takeaways from 2022.

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Written by Marcin Grajewski.

The past year has been a genuine annus horribilis, shaking Europe and the world with security, economic and geopolitical shocks. Russia’s brutal and unprovoked attack on Ukraine is the biggest military conflict on the continent since the Second World War. Apart from causing horrific death tolls, suffering and destruction, the war triggered security, political, energy and migration crises and undermined the nascent economic recovery from the COVID pandemic, fuelling record inflation and clouding growth prospects.

The assertiveness of autocratic regimes, notably in China and Russia, the rise of populism, global technology rivalry, and post-pandemic problems with supply chains accelerated global fragmentation, shifted political alliances and posed a further threat to the rules-based order in the world. Climate talks made some headway, but some analysts and politicians warn that the action so far has been insufficient and the world may be close to a point of no return on climate change.

This note gathers links to selected recent publications and commentaries from many international think tanks on the key takeaways from 2022.


Answering four hard questions about Russia’s war in Ukraine
International Crisis Group, December 2022

Time for the West to think about how to engage with defeated Russia
Brookings Institution, November 2022

The war against Ukraine and European defence: When will we square the circle?
Egmont, November 2022

Defend. Resist. Repeat: Ukraine’s lessons for European defence
European Council on Foreign Relations, November 2022

Russia’s war in Ukraine: Misleading doctrine, misguided strategy
Institut français des relations internationales, October 2022

Keeping a cool head: How to improve the EU migration crisis response
European Policy Centre, October 2022

How big is the storm? Assessing the impact of the Russian–Ukrainian war on the eastern neighbourhood
European Union Institute for Security Studies, October 2022

Understanding Russia’s threat to employ nuclear weapons in its war against Ukraine
Heritage Foundation, October 2022

Ukraine’s female soldiers reflect country’s strong feminist tradition
Atlantic Council, June 2022

Fiscal support and monetary vigilance: Economic policy implications of the Russia-Ukraine war for the European Union
Bruegel, May 2022

Global shifts

Deglobalisation and protectionism
Bruegel, November 2022

Democratic innovations from around the world: Lessons for the West
Carnegie Europe, November 2022

China’s growing interference in domestic politics: Globally and in the United States
Council on Foreign Relations, November 2022

The American order is over, and China is ready to dive in
Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale, October 2022

The emerging world order is post-Western and pre-plural
Institut Montaigne, September 2022

Globalization is in retreat for the first time since the Second World War
Peterson Institute for International Economics, October 2022

Megatrends: 2022
GLOBALSEC, June 2022

China and the transatlantic relationship
Chatham House, June 2022

The new world order
Council of Foreign Relations, March 2022

Putin is creating the multipolar world he (thought he) wanted
Egmont, March 2022


Can COP keep up with an evolving climate effort?
Brookings Institution, December 2022

COP27 readout: The good and the bad as COP27 concludes
Atlantic Council, November 2022

COP27 didn’t make enough progress to prevent climate catastrophe
Council for Foreign Relations, November 2022

Perspectives on designing a climate club: Alliance-building to strengthen international climate cooperation
EPICO, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, November 2022

The portfolio of economic policies needed to fight climate change
Peterson Institute for International Economics, November 2022

In defence of borrowing for climate action
Centre for European Reform, October 2022

Climate club: The way forward
Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies, October 2022

How can the European Union adapt to climate change?
Bruegel, September 2022

How carbon tariffs and climate clubs can slow global warming
Peterson Institute for International Economics, September 2022

Conference on the Future of Europe: What is next for EU climate policies
Ecologic, July 2022


China’s wish for 2023? An end to lockdown
Chatham House, December 2022

China and Russia: Are there limits to ‘no limits’ friendship?
Centre for European Reform, October 2022

Lessons for Europe from China’s quest for semiconductor self-reliance
Bruegel, November 2022

The Biden/Xi meeting in Bali: What was at stake?
Peterson Institute for International Relations, November 2022

An allied strategy for China after the 20th Party Congress
Atlantic Council, October 2022

The new U.S National Security Strategy: Battling China for technological leadership
Centre for European Reform, October 2022

How Xi will consolidate power at China’s twentieth party congress
Council on Foreign Relations, October 2022

Why China is not all-In on supporting Russia
Heritage Foundation, October 2022

China is divided on Russia: Let’s keep it that way
Clingendael, September 2022

China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Successful economic strategy or failed soft-power tool?
Finnish Institute of International Affairs, September 2022


Securing alternative gas supplies and addressing critical infrastructure gaps in Europe
Atlantic Council, December 2022

National energy policy responses to the energy crisis
Bruegel, December 2022

The European Green Deal, three years on: Acceleration, erosion or fragmentation?
Institut français des relations internationales, November 2022

A grand bargain to steer through the European Union’s energy crisis
Bruegel, September 2022

The energy market in time of war
Centre on Regulation in Europe, September 2022

Energy unity or breakup? The EU at a crossroads
Istituto Affari Internazionali, September 2022

It would be a strategic mistake for the EU to ditch the Energy Charter Treaty
Centre for European Policy Studies, August 2022

The impact of the Ukraine war on global energy markets
Centre for European Reform, July 2022

Timing is the key to the Gulf replacing Russian oil
Chatham House, July 2022

The de-globalisation of oil: Risks and implications from the politicisation of energy markets
Istituto Affari Internazionali, July 2022


Energy prices and inflation
Centre for European Policy Studies, December 2022

The ECB’s monetary tightening: A belated start under uncertainty
Bruegel, September 2022

A return to austerity in Europe: feasible or fictional?
Real Instituto Elcano, September 2022

Dancing on the edge of stagflation
Luiss School of European Political Economy, September 2022

Uncoordinated monetary policies risk a historic global slowdown
Peterson Institute for International Economics, September 2022

The war in Ukraine and the European Central Bank
International Institute for Strategic Studies, July 2022

Fragmentation risk in the euro area: No easy way out for the European Central Bank
Bruegel, June 2022

The ECB’s normalisation path
Centre for European Policy Studies, June 2022

Our economy needs a good dose of customer-driven deflation
Mises Institute, May 2022

Today’s inflation and the Great Inflation of the 1970s: Similarities and differences
Centre for Economic Policy Research, March 2022

Read the complete briefing on ‘2022: The year that shook the world‘ in the Think Tank pages of the European Parliament.

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