Written by Gregor Erbach (updated on 03.06.2021).
On 4 March 2020, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal for a European climate law, setting the objective for the EU to become climate-neutral by 2050 and establishing a framework for achieving that objective. On 17 September 2020, following an impact assessment presented in the 2030 climate target plan, the Commission amended the proposal to introduce the updated 2030 climate target of a net reduction of at least 55 % of the EU’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to 1990 levels.
In the European Parliament, the proposal has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The Parliament adopted its position on 6 October 2020, calling for a 60 % emission reduction by 2030 and for an independent, inter-disciplinary scientific advisory panel.
Council and Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the proposal on 21 April 2021. The agreement sets a 55 % net GHG emission target for 2030 (to be complemented by additional removals from the upcoming review of the LULUCF Regulation), an EU-wide climate neutrality target for 2050, and the aim to achieve negative emissions thereafter. It envisages the use of a GHG budget for setting the 2040 target and establishes a European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change. The Parliament is expected to vote on adopting the text before summer 2021.
- June 2021: ‘European climate law‘ (3rd edition)
|Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 (European Climate Law)|
|Committee responsible:||Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI)||
COM(2020) 80 final
|Rapporteur:||Jytte Guteland (S&D, Sweden)||COM(2020) 563 final
Mairead McGuinness (EPP, Ireland), Nils Torvalds, (Renew, Finland), Syliva Limmer (ID, Germany), Michael Bloss (Greens/EFA, Germany), Anna Zalewska (ECR, Poland),
Silvia Modig (The Left, Finland)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
|Next steps expected:||Final first-reading vote in plenary|