Members' Research Service By / June 30, 2022

Revision of the Industrial Emissions Directive [EU Legislation in Progress]

Achieving the European Green Deal ambition to make the EU’s economy more sustainable requires an update of EU legislation regulating the environmental impacts of industry, in order to align it with the EU’s zero pollution vision, as well as its energy, climate and circular economy policy goals.

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Written by Vivienne Halleux (2nd edition, updated on 04.07.2023).

Covering some 52 000 large agro-industrial installations EU-wide, the Industrial Emissions Directive is the main EU instrument regulating pollutant emissions from industry. The proposal for a revision tabled by the European Commission on 5 April 2022 aims to bring it into line with the EU’s zero pollution ambition, energy, climate and circular economy policy goals under the European Green Deal. The main changes include expanding the scope (in terms of sectors covered and thresholds), strengthening permit requirements to authorise installations to operate, and measures to promote innovation.

Stakeholders’ reactions to the text were mixed. Industry and farming representatives expressed strong concerns about the added complexity, timeliness and practical implementation of the proposal. While welcoming many improvements, non-governmental organisations criticised the missed opportunity to make the directive fit for climate protection, and the proposed new regime for intensive livestock rearing. In Parliament, the file has been referred to the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI), which appointed Radan Kanev as rapporteur.


Proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) and Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste
Committee responsible:Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI)COM(2022) 156
Rapporteur:Radan Kanev (EPP, Bulgaria)2022/0104 (COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Mohammed Chahim (S&D, the Netherlands)
Michal Wiezik (Renew, Slovakia)
Eleonora Evi (Greens/EFA, Italy)
Anna Zalewska (ECR, Poland)
Marisa Matias (The Left, Portugal)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Vote in plenary on ENVI committee report
timeline-10 steps-voted in plenary
Sectoral shares of IED installations in 2018
Sectoral shares of IED installations in 2018

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