Single Market in Transport and Tourism : Cost of Non-Europe Report
Significant progress has been achieved during the last 20 years in creating a Single Market for Transports. European tourism is and will remain a vital component of the economy, with enormous economic potential. Both sectors suffer however from remaining barriers, gaps and market inefficiencies that create substantial costs and that could be addressed through further action at EU level.
The gains that could be achieved from addressing the identified issues have been estimated at 8.6 billion euro annually for the transport sector and 6.2 billion euro annually for the tourism sector. Creating a fully integrated transport sector and a more efficient tourism sector will also mean improved mobility, better environmental sustainability, enhanced internal cohesion and international competitiveness of the EU.
Action in these two sectors can be seen as a key driver of EU growth and as a response on how to face the globalisation challenges more efficiently.
In addition to a general paper bringing together the research findings as a whole, the exercise comprises three studies commissioned from outside experts, which are published as separate documents:
Annex I – Road transport and railways
The study – the first in a series- focuses on the potential benefits of completing the Single Market in the rail and road sectors. Firstly, it seeks to review how policy has evolved in the two sectors in recent years and identify what is still missing. Secondly, the study evaluates in qualitative and quantitative terms the impact of filling the remaining gaps in legislation in order to calculate the “cost of non-Europe”. In doing so, it looks at both the short- and long term benefits.
Annex II – Air, Maritime and Inland waterways
The study – the second in a series- reviews European air and water transport policy and regulation, and identifies areas, where further legislative action is necessary to complete the Single Market in these sectors. In addition, the paper looks at the impact of the completion of the Single market in relation to intercontinental transport. Based on that, it quantifies the “Cost of non-Europe” by giving an estimate of the net benefits that rebalancing European intercontinental gateways, which would stem from the completion of the Single Market in these air and maritime transport areas, would produce for the whole European economy.
Annex III – Tourism policy and passenger rights
This study looks at the cost of non-Europe in European tourism policy and passenger rights legislation. For passenger rights, it analyses existing legislation and policy measures, identifying specific gaps where legislation or further initiatives at European level could be beneficial. In the tourism area, it quantifies in economic terms the potential for efficiency gains and identifies the main areas, in which EU action would further support the development of tourism and help realise the potential gains identified.